Packaging hierarchies

The packaging hierarchy describes the relationship between the base unit and it's shipping units. The lowest level of the packaging hierarchy is always the base unit (BASE_UNIT_OR_EACH). There can be different packaging and shipping units above the base unit.

The attribute, Trade Item Unit Descriptor F7158 specifies the level of the packaing hierarchy in question. Each packaging hierarchy level must have it's own GTIN code.

There are many different Trade item unit descriptor values on the GDSN codelist, but he following have been selected as the codes to be used in the Finnish market:

  • BASE_UNIT_OR_EACH This is the smallest level/unit in the packaging hierarchy.
  • CASE The shipping unit of the item. Cases include sales batches, factory packs, and displays containing only one GTIN.
  • DISPLAY_SHIPPER Either a consumer unit or a mixed module
  • PALLET A GTIN-coded pallet

Note! It is important to use these trade item unit descriptors as instructed. This allows the recipients to process the packaging hierarchy and recognise its levels. Please avoid using other trade item unit descriptors. Incorrect use of trade item unit descriptors compromises the correct routing of product information.

The packaging hierarchy is always created starting with the smallest unit, and the base unit is always the the smallest unit in the packaging hierarchy.

Identifiers for packaging hierarchy units

The packaging hierarchy contains identifiers for the different hierarchy levels, and the information entered in these fields is determined by the intended processing of the item.

Is Trade Item A Base Unit F7307
This is a Yes/No question. If the item is the base unit, i.e. the smallest/lowest level of the packaging hierarchy, choose Yes. In all other cases, choose No.

Is Trade Item a Consumer Unit F7060
This is a Yes/No question. Choose Yes for the packaging hierarchy level that is sold to consumers.

The trade item is a consumer unit in the following situations:

  • It is a consumer assortment (the trade item unit descriptor for these is display shipper, for example, bag of mixed cookies, gift pack of hair products).
  • The item is sold to consumers at this level of the packaging hierarchy.
  • The item is sold at a retail shop at any point

The trade item is not a consumer unit in the following situations:

  • The packaging hierarchy has multiple levels, and the item is not sold to consumers at this particular level

Note! It is vital to select Yes when the display shipper is a consumer unit, because the selection affects the reporting of measurement data. If you select No in the Is Trade Item a Consumer Unit field for a display shipper, its measurement rules and checks will follow the instructions on cases.

Is Trade Item an Orderable Unit F7151
At least one trade item must be marked as an orderable unit in each packaging hierarchy. A packaging hierarchy may also have several orderable units. If the packaging hierarchy has only one level, the value of the level must be Yes.

Is Trade Item an Invoice Unit F7125
At least one trade item must be marked as an invoice unit in each packaging hierarchy. A packaging hierarchy may also have several invoice units. If the packaging hierarchy has only one level, the value of the level must be Yes. If the trade item is a variable unit, choose the smallest unit as the invoice unit.

Is Trade Item a Despatch Unit F7090
At least one trade item must be marked as a despatch unit in each packaging hierarchy. A packaging hierarchy may also contain several despatch units. If the packaging hierarchy has only one level, the value of the level must be Yes.

If the value of the Is Trade Item a Despatch Unit is Yes, the item/packaging in question can be provided with pallet information. Each packaging hierarchy must be equipped with pallet information, apart from a few exceptions.

Examples of these include:

  • magazines;
  • products that are never delivered in multiple sales batches;
  • direct deliveries;
  • half-empty transboxes.
  • We recommend providing packaging material information.

Is Packaging Marked Returnable F7219
Indicates whether the packaging can be returned/recycled. Choose Yes if the packaging is, for example, a transbox.

Instructions for different types of packaging hierarchies

Click on the links below to find more information and information for different types of packaging hierarchies.

Different packaging hierarchies
Half-empty and full transboxes in the packaging hierarchy
1/2 or 1/4 pallet
Dolly
Consumer assortments and mixed module
Products sold individually and in multipacks

History of changes

Date Change
15.12.16 Published